DEAD SEA

The History about Dead Sea

In Biblical times many names were given to the Dead Sea such as Yam Ha-Arava (the Arabah Sea), the Sea of Lot, Lake Sodom and the Ancient Sea. The Roman historian Pompeius Trogus, who lived at the end of the first century BCE, wrote: “This is a gigantic lake which from its magnitude and the stillness of its waters is called the Dead Sea”. Since then the name “Dead Sea” has become the common name of this Salt Sea in the world.

Until 1837 nobody realized that the Dead Sea was below sea level. This was discovered almost accidentally. When this fact became clear, to the surprise of the entire world, the British “Royal Geographical Society” announced a competition between the scientists, to determine the precise height of the Dead Sea in relation to sea level. The possibility that the Dead Sea was the lowest place on earth aroused extensive world interest.

In 1848 it was determined according to measurements that the height differences between the level of the Mediterranean Sea and the level of the Dead Sea are 396 meters, and the height of the Dead Sea below sea level was a fact. In the twentieth century, because of the Sea’s retreat, another 20 meters were added to its height below sea level.

Geographical notes about Dead Sea

A true wonder of the natural world, The Dead Sea lies in the heart of the Middle East at the very birth place of civilization. Legendary and mystical, this small sea nestles in the Jordan Valley at the lowest point on earth. The unique climatic conditions (micro-climate) make this the largest natural spa in the world and this naturally attracts scholars and visitors from around the world year round.

The qualities of the Dead Sea have become well-known universally in the wake of the scientific and geographical studies published since the late nineteenth century. Its waters are the saltiest in the world; the historic and cultural sites surrounding it give it an appealing beauty, combining the history of the three major religions, namely Christianity, Judaism and Islam and the surrounding wild landscape is one of the most beautiful in the world.

The microclimate of the Dead Sea and its unique surface conditions make it the best natural healing site in the world for various illnesses. In recent decades several Treatment Centers have developed here, which utilize the great medical know-how accrued in relation to the area’s natural healing qualities.

The Air & the Sun in Dead Sea

In the field of radiation, multiyear studies were carried out to monitor the air components and evaluate the different qualities of the atmosphere. Because of the low height in relation to sea level, high atmospheric pressure is created in the Dead Sea area, which makes the air rich in oxygen (6% more than over sea level). In addition the air is rich in mineral particles including in particular, magnesium and bromine. Additional factors that making the air at the Dead Sea unique are the hot and fixed temperatures most days of the year, dryness in an area where there is little rainfall, sparse desert flora that does not release allergens into the atmosphere and the rich air in mineral particles including in particular magnesium and bromine.

The uniqueness of solar radiation in the Dead Sea area is characterized by an ultraviolet (UV) radiation composition which has relatively few short rays (UVB) as against long rays (UVA). Therefore, at the Dead Sea it is possible to stay in the sun longer without sunburn damages caused by the short rays. The difference in the radiation composition, characterizing the low area, derives from the unique climatic conditions of the Dead Sea area. The weak radiation is a result of the longer path that the rays must traverse until they reach the ground (417 m below sea level) and also the existence of a misty cloud standing over the Dead Sea on most days of the year. The natural screen created at the Dead Sea leaves the rays with the healing qualities for skin diseases, such as psoriasis and eczema. This attracts thousands of vacationers to the site seeking a natural remedy for the different skin diseases.

The Water of the Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is in fact a saltwater lake. Its length is about 50 km and its maximum width is 17 km. The volume of the lake is 140 billion m³ of water, in which about 50 billion tons of salts and minerals are diluted. The Dead Sea’s unique composition of natural minerals derives from dissolving of the salt created in the natural evaporation process of the lake’s water. The compound is refined through the solar radiation which neutralizes the sodium chloride that sinks to the bottom, and leaves the compound rich with a high concentration of minerals such as magnesium, sodium, calcium, phosphorus and boron. The high concentration causes high density of the water and consequently it is possible to float on it.

In addition hot mineral springs flow around the Dead Sea shores; natural hot springs that are rich in sulfur and minerals. The mineral composition and the high temperature of the springs make them unique as factors in relief of different types of skin and joint diseases.

The unique concentration of the Dead Sea waters has long been known to have medicinal value. Aristotle, Queen of Sheba, King Solomon and Cleopatra were all familiar with this and modern doctors as well often prescribe patients with skin ailments to soak in the waters of the Dead Sea.

The Mud of the Dead Sea

The mud produced from the banks of the Dead Sea has become famous around the world because of its healing capacities. The black mud is made up of layers of the mountain soil and silt from the waters of the Jordan River and the springs, and it has sunk deep into the lake. On its way the soil absorbs a very rich concentration of minerals and enriches the lake’s waters.

Scientific studies carried out on the mineral mud have proved, beyond any doubt, its benefits in maintaining a healthy skin. The mud has a strong cleansing capacity which absorbs pollutions, fat and secretions from the skin. In addition, it has capacities for rehabilitation, renewal and strengthening of the skin layer and is thus ideal for healing rheumatic pains, relieving symptoms of chronic inflammation and increased dryness of skin, seborrhea, psoriasis and eczema.

The black mud harvested from the banks of the Dead Sea is in fact alluvial silt washed down from the surrounding mountains and deposited on the shores of this inland salt sea. Layer upon layer of fine silt deposits have evolved over thousands of years to form a rich Dead Sea mud containing particularly high levels of magnesium, calcium, potassium, strontium, boron and iron. The resulting mineral-rich Dead Sea mud is a natural raw material that can be used by the body as a source of essential minerals for all its basic needs.

The Minerals of the Dead Sea

The waters of the Dead Sea contains 26 essential minerals; 11 of the Dead Sea minerals do not exist in any other sea or ocean in the world. Some are known to have unique qualities, for instance giving a feeling of relaxation, nourishing the skin, activating the blood systems, healing rheumatic diseases and metabolic disorders.

The minerals constitute only 4% of the body weight, but their importance is immeasurably greater. They are trace elements required in small quantities for cell renewal activities in the skin and serve as essential elements in cell functioning, principally in intercellular communication. The minerals are essential for the purposes of “exchanging information” and help to transmit signals between the cells, an activity that stimulates cells to renew themselves, to divide and to nourish the top skin layer with an increased water capacity.

They also participate in the processes of bone building, blood production, hormone activation, neural strengthening and far more. However, like vitamins, they are not produced by the body and therefore the body depends on an external supply of minerals from food. Minerals play a very important role in correct skin functioning. Therefore, beyond provision of the minerals reaching it with the blood circulation, the skin absorbs minerals applied externally and uses them in every single process existing in the skin layers. A deficiency in one of the minerals is liable to disrupt skin cell activity, cause inflammation, dryness and early aging.

Dead Sea Healing Power

Psoriasis is a chronic, auto-immune skin disease in which the body’s immune system attacks it instead of protecting it. Symptoms of the Psoriasis are redness and silvery scaling of the skin caused by a accelerated division of the epidermal cells, and it can also be accompanied by intense irritation and itching.

The Dead Sea has been blessed with a rare blend of potent natural resources proven by endless scientific researches worldwide to be therapeutically effective for healing skin diseases. The therapeutic qualities of the Dead Sea minerals have been researched for over a century. The clinical results of these studies show that treatment at the Dead Sea is the healthiest, most effective available for Psoriasis today.

Dead Sea Climatotherapy is highly recommended for Psoriasis particularly during the spring and summer seasons (March – October). A ten day to fortnight stay, twice a year, constitutes the minimum duration required to achieve good therapeutic results.

Long-term studies conducted for over the past 30 years show that 60% of the visitors at the Dead Sea were completely cured from all Psoriasis symptoms and an additional 36% showed significant improvement in the skin’s condition and a relief from the characteristic symptoms of the disease. The unique combination of exposure to the sun, bathing in the Dead Sea salt and Dead Sea mud baths have transformed the Dead Sea area into the most natural health resort for Psoriasis and other skin diseases, in the world.

Dead Sea Minerals such as Magnesium, Potassium and Calcium help heal Psoriasis. Additionally, each of the 21 minerals found in the Dead Sea is vital for the skin’s normal metabolism extending the treatment benefits, and making it applicable for all skin diseases. The Dead Sea mud produced from the Dead Sea is rich in minerals which have antiseptic qualities. Covering the body in Dead Sea mud helps the minerals absorb into the body while the top layer of skin is purified and cleansed, contributing significantly to an improvement in the external symptoms of the disease.

Over the past two decades many studies have been conducted researching the therapeutic effects of the Dead Sea on Psoriasis. The amazing results, received by different researches, show a success rate of 60% to absolute recovery. The balance 36% experienced almost complete recovery and a significant improvement in the severity of the disease during the 6 months following the treatment at the Dead Sea.

Beyond the significant success results, these studies also showed that the skin does not develop resistance to the Dead Sea treatments (as happens with the standard cortisone treatment), indicating that the treatment can be repeated with an identical success rate as the previous ones.

Dead Sea Cosmetics

The Dead Sea is a unique source of minerals, naturally created under extraordinary climatic conditions. The exceptionally high concentration of these minerals in the Dead Sea area is unparalleled anywhere in the world, and has long fascinated researchers and scientists. In the 18th century, interest in Dead Sea minerals grew with the discovery of their marvelous healing properties, particularly for skin diseases. In the years that followed, the Dead Sea became known internationally as a place offering complete and natural cures for skin problems, and visitors began to travel to the area from all over the world.

Although past scientific studies of the Dead Sea’s mineral resources mostly focused on their curative properties for skin diseases, current research is producing its most positive results in the field of healthy skin care and maintenance. Dead Sea cosmetics have gained an international reputation for their many beneficial qualities for maintenance of the skin’s youthful appearance and protection of the cell nucleus against early aging. Minerals have the ability to strengthen each layer of the skin, imparting an anti-aging effect that lasts for hours and even days.

The entire range of Rivage products is enriched with Dead Sea minerals that penetrate the skin quickly and seal the moisture, eliminate dryness, improve significantly the skin’s elasticity, educe puffiness and dark circles around the eyes, improve rough skin by stimulating cell metabolism which greatly inhibits the forming of dark circles and freckles, and fights pigment marks, regenerates, restores and revitalizes dull skin, firms and nourishes the skin and contributes decisively to local slimming and firming body. There is no natural or synthetic substitute in the cosmetic pharmaceutical world. The mineral composition used in these cosmetics is so special that it cannot be successfully imitated in any lab. In recent years, the Dead Sea has evolved into the world’s greatest natural source of raw materials for facial and body skin care. The exceptional composition of Dead Sea cosmetics allows them to penetrate the skin more deeply without irritation. This directly enriches the skin with essential minerals, rapidly giving it a better tone and natural radiance.

Rivage’s Dead Sea Products Benefits

The ingredients of the Dead Sea act as natural wonder, so it is considered as one of the best natural healing resources by professionals in the field of health and cosmetology. Water, mud and salts of the Dead Sea are natural antimicrobials for the skin, making them “magic”!

Rivage’s Dead Sea Mud Benefits
Rivage’s Products with Dead Sea Minerals
Rivage’s Dead Sea Salts Benefits
  • Rivage’s Dead Sea Mud Benefits:

    • Removes impurities and toxins from the skin

    • Sweeps away dead skin cells

    • Absorbs excess oils

    • Firms and boosts cell renewal

    • Regenerates new skin

    • Encourages skin biosynthesis by stimulating blood circulation

    • Works effectively in skin hydration and soothes redness

    • Encourages a localized warming action to ease muscular tension

    • Tightens skin

    • Nourishes the skin, leaving it rejuvenated and hydrated

    • Leaves skin tightened and youthful looking

    • Helps to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles caused by aging and fatigue

    • Helps in reducing premature and rough skin caused by harmful sun exposure

    • Hydrates and rejuvenates dull skin

    • A new, fresh layer of skin emerges, revealing a healthy, radiant and  rejuvenated  complexion

    • Used for the treatment of skin’s disorders such as psoriasis, eczema and acne

    • Eases muscular tension

    • Imparts a relaxed feeling with activating circulatory system for easing rheumatic discomfort

    • Helps treat and relieve other ailments such as arthritis, muscle stiffness, aches and joint inflammation

    • Strengthens the hair roots and help reduce hair loss.

    • Leaves skin more toned, bright and healthy looking

    • Provides skin with ultimate moisturizing effect

    • Improves the texture of the skin

  • Rivage’s Products with Dead Sea Minerals Benefits:

    • Penetrate quickly the skin and seal the moisture of the skin

    • Eliminate dryness

    • Improve skin texture

    • Significantly improve the skin’s elasticity

    • Prevent and delays the signs of aging

    • Protect the skin from harmful environmental pollutants and UV radiation

    • Help reduce puffiness and dark circles around the eyes

    • Help to improve rough skin by stimulating cell metabolism which greatly inhibits the forming of dark circles and freckles, and fight pigment marks

    • Firm and nourish the skin

    • Regenerate, restore and revitalize dull skin

    • Contribute decisively to local slimming and firming body

    Only the healing hands of nature could caress your skin with such delicate beauty.

  • Rivage’s Dead Sea Salts Benefits:

    • Renews, cleanses and refreshes the skin

    • Remove toxins from the skin

    • Activates the lymphatic system

    • Helps to balance the skins moisturize

    • Helps relax the body and ease muscular tension

    • Helps relieve the irritation and itching caused by skin complaints and isorder, such as eczema, psoriasis and acne

    • Stimulates the natural remodeling process of the cells and skin

    • Prevents fluid retention

    • Restores muscle contusions and lacerations links

    • Operates preventively against headaches and insomnia

    • Work as a natural anti-stress

    • Stimulates blood circulation

    • Helps in skin exfoliation

    • Rejuvenates skin tissue

    • Activates the body’s enzymes and hormones

    • Significantly improves the skin’s elasticity

    • Acts beneficially to the respiratory system

    • Imparts a relaxed feeling with activating circulatory system for easing rheumatic discomfort

    • Leaves skin supremely soft, velvet to the touch
      Stimulates cell regeneration

    It is also highly beneficial for relieving muscle tension or for simply relaxing and enjoying a rejuvenating experience. There’s nothing like a soak in a Dead Sea Salt bath. This practice was once related to high-end spas and expensive skin clinics, but now therapeutic salt baths are becoming common practice in homes all across the world.

Properties of ingredients

At the heart of Rivage products are our active ingredients. We draw from 64 natural ingredients and blend them carefully with Dead Sea salts and mud so they deliver remarkable results. The active botanical extracts that we harvest from around the world provide effective natural remedies for common skin conditions. These herbs and plant extracts have been used medicinally for centuries, and today we blend them with our unique Dead Sea minerals.

See below for the healing properties of the ingredients contained in Rivage’s beauty products.

Dead Sea’s Natural Minerals
Natural Ingredients
Active Ingredients
  • Dead Sea’s Natural Minerals and their actions:

    Lithium: Protects cells and maintains healthy nerves,which in turn supports your circulatory system and is used to treat skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

    Sodium: Heavily concentrated in the Dead Sea, sodium helps to balance your skin’s moisture levels while improving elasticity and suppleness.

    Potassium: In addition to stimulating the nerve system, potassium balances the oil levels in your skin, which helps to maintain moisture levels while protecting against conditions such as acne.

    Magnesium: Speeds cell metabolism and boosts protein synthesis which reduces skin redness and irritation. Magnesium also soothes the nervous system, helps your skin retain moisture and slows the ageing process by promoting natural skin rejuvenation.

    Calcium: Strengthens cell membranes and promotes skin renewal. Calcium also cleanses pores and provides a natural defense against cold, dry or polluted environments. Reduces free radicals, boosts blood circulation and helps your skin to remain moisturized.

    Strontium: Protects cell membranes and maintains tissue elasticity, which in turn help to relieve conditions including psoriasis and eczema.

    Manganese: Supports the production of collagen which can delay the ageing process. Manganese aids the production of connective tissue and its anti-oxidant properties also nourish your skin.

    Copper: Activates cell membranes, stimulates elastin and collagen in your skin and has anti-pigmentation properties which fight the ageing process and combat free radicals.

    Zinc: Promotes collagen production and natural skin rejuvenation while repairing damaged cells. Zinc can be helpful in the treatment and prevention of hair loss and acne.

    Sulfate: Promotes collagen production to help your skin stay soft, smooth and youthful. Sulfur also promotes healthy skin by eliminating bacteria and fungus, while encouraging skin renewal.

    Bromine: Helps to relax stressed muscles and stimulates natural skin rejuvenation. The anti-inflammatory properties of bromine soothe your skin, making this a popular treatment for rheumatic conditions.

    Iodine: Cleanses and hydrates the skin. Also nourishes skin and hair.

  • Natural Ingredients and their actions:

    Almond

    Almond (Prunus dulcis) – A highly effective natural moisturizer, sweet almond oil is great for nourishing dry skin. Thanks to its emollient properties, almond oil can soften and enhance skin while improving overall complexion and balancing skin tone. Almond protein is rich in amino acid peptides known to effectively support sebaceous gland activity, while supplying the skin some partial peptides, which help protect against oxidation and other cellular damage. Almonds are native to the Middle East.

    Aloe Vera

    Aloe Vera (Aloe Vera) – This natural moisturizer also promotes healing, and is often used to treat burns, eczema, irritation and psoriasis. Aloe vera is also used medically to stimulate the immune system, promote detoxification and improve digestion. Used since ancient Egyptian times as a natural moisturizer, aloe vera smoothes skin while contributing to a healthy glow. Aloe vera delivers oxygen to skin cells which helps to promote healthy, flexible skin. Research carried out on aloe vera gel shows large quantities of amino acids, vitamins and minerals.

    Apple

    Apple (Malus domestica) – High in vitamins and rich in fruit acids, apple extract can reduce the signs of ageing, reduce puffiness around the eyes and produce a brighter skin tone. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and they were taken to North America by European colonists.

    Avocado

    Avocado (Persea Americana) – Rich in vitamins A, D and E, avocado oil encourages collagen production and reduces signs of ageing. This oil is also a good source of sterolins, which can soften skin and reduce the frequency of age spots. Avocado is an effective natural moisture and is often used to treat eczema, wounds and solar keratosis. Originating from Puebla in Mexico, avocado has long been cultivated in South and Central America. Avocado oil is beneficial for dry and itchy skin, and because it promotes the production of collagen, it also inhibits the ageing process.

    Beech Tree Buds Beech Tree Buds (Fagus sylvatica ) – The Beech Tree takes 60 years to mature and can live for 250 years, earning it the name ‘the ever-lasting youth tree’. Once harvested and processed the buds from beech trees yield a substance, which has moisturizing properties to revitalize skin cells to make you look youthful and energized. Beech tree bud extract increases cellular oxygen uptake, boosts moisture retention and supports protein synthesis. Our beech tree buds are designed to fight the signs of ageing.
    Bearberry Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva ursi) – This powerful tonic can be used to control sebum production and to reduce the appearance of age spots, freckles and vitiligo. Bearberry is also an antioxidant which can combat free radicals and boost cell production. Extracted from a shrub which is native to the mountains of Europe, this botanical complex can reduce hyperpigmentation of the skin, thanks to the its ability to inhibit tyrosinase, the enzyme which affects levels of melanin.
    Blend of Herbs Blend of Herbs – Our blend of herbs, which includes aloe vera, chamomile and fennel helps to smooth, soothe, moisturize and calm the skin, relaxing both mind and body.
    Castor Oil Castor Oil (Ricinus communis ) – This remarkably powerful oil is derived from the seeds of the castor oil plant, which is indigenous to the Mediterranean, Eastern Africa and India. Rich in vitamin E, castor oil can help your skin to remain youthful and energized while reducing the occurrence of skin complaints. Castor oil is popularly known as a healing oil for every purpose because of its anti-inflammatory properties. In addition to treating a wide variety of skin conditions, castor oil helps to reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
    Centella Asiatica Centella Asiatica (Centella Asiatica ) – This powerful antioxidant stimulates the production of collagen, and is also a highly effective regenerative agent. Centella Asiatica is native to India, as well as many parts of Asia. It is used as a medicine in Indian Ayurvedic medicine, as well as the traditional medicines of Africa and China to heal wounds and scars. Hydrocotyl is an antioxidant which stimulates the production of catalase, an antioxidant with beneficial anti-aging properties. We use both Asiaticoside and Madecassoside molecules which can both soothe the skin and stimulate collagen production.
     Dead Sea Mud Dead Sea Mud – This miraculous mud provides numerous benefits  – some of which stem from the wealth of minerals it contains, and others stem from the cleansing and exfoliating properties of the mud. Dead Sea Mud hydrates and moistures your skin while fine mud granules can slough away dead skin cells to reveal fresh, glowing skin beneath. By tightening your skin, Dead Sea Mud can also reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Dead Sea Mud also helps to boost cell metabolism, which in turn helps your body receive the benefits of our minerals and nutrients.
    Dead Sea Salt Dead Sea Salt – Two thousand years ago Flavius wrote about the healing qualities of the Dead Sea salts, and today we continue to rely on these rich salts to promote healing. Bathing in high quality sea salt can replenish the minerals which are critical to our skin metabolism. Calcium can help to prevent water retention, increase circulation and strengthen bones and nails. Potassium energizes the body, while helping to balance out skin moisture and replenish the body following exercise. Bromides ease muscle stiffness and relax muscles. Magnesium fights stress and fluid retention, while reducing the signs of aging and soothing the nervous system. Sodium supports the lymphatic fluid balance. By promoting cell regeneration, the salts can renew and rejuvenate your skin, while also reducing cellulite, slowing skin ageing and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Dead Sea Salts can simultaneously moisturize, detoxify and soften the skin, while helping to treat conditions including acne, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema and scabies. The salts are also treasured for their ability to reduce stress, relax muscles and eliminate toxins.
     Ginseng Ginseng (Panax ginsengs ) – Helps to tighten your skin, which can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, while helping your skin to retain moisture. Ginseng contains many vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients, which can stimulate the skin’s metabolism. Ginseng can also enhance the whiteness of your skin while balancing the texture and improving skin tone. Ginseng was discovered more than 5000 years ago in the mountains of Manchuria in China. And although it was originally considered a food, it was soon valued as a rejuvenating and energy-giving plant.
    Ginger Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) – This invigorating and stimulating root provides a wealth of benefits. Ginger can be used to improve your skin’s elasticity, helping it to stay firm and youthful, while the root’s antioxidant effects can combat free radicals to improve your skin’s health. Ginger has been used in home remedies to treat a wide variety of conditions, including burns and scars. Ginger also helps to stimulate your skin while detoxifying it and reducing the appearance of cellulite. Ginger is also antibacterial and antiviral which can reduce inflammation and blemishes. Ginger cultivation began in South Asia, though it soon spread across the world.
    Grapes Grapes (Vitis vinifera ) – Loaded with antioxidants and phytonutrients, grape juice and seeds can protect your skin from oxidative damage while reducing the appearance of wrinkles and promoting smooth, glowing skin. Grapes are widely regarded as an effective anti-ageing ingredient. Grapes have long played a part in human history, from Neolithic times to our present-day fascination with these wondrous fruits. They are native to the Mediterranean, as well as central Europe and parts of Asia. At Rivage we value the alpha hydroxy acids which are present in the skin and the fruit itself. Alpha hydroxy acids help exfoliate your skin while reducing superficial scars.
    Green tea Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) – A remarkable source of the antioxidants known as catechins, green tea rejuvenates skin cells, neutralizes UV damage and soothes the skin thanks to its natural anti-inflammatory effect. Green tea extract contains the polyphenol EGGG, which makes it an effective treatment for dandruff, preventing hair loss and strengthening hair. Green tea has been enjoyed in China for more than 4,000 years, after being first brewed during the reign of Emperor Chen Nung.
    guarana Guarana (Paullina Cupana) – Native to South America, guarana is naturally high in caffeine. Guarana extract is believed to target cellulite because of its theophylline and caffeine content. As a vasoconstrictor, caffeine can reduce puffiness and promote smoothing. Guarana increases blood flow and the lipolytic effect, which means it can block enzymes and reduce the breakage of triglycerides.
    Honey Honey (Honey) – This natural moisturizer also contains powerful antioxidants which fight free radicals and reduce the effects of ageing on your skin. Produced by honey bees, honey is also antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral, so it can help fight infections and promote skin healing, while smoothing dry and rough skin. Rich in minerals, vitamins and amino acids, honey has long been a favorite ingredient in beauty treatments, since the ancient Egyptians first enjoyed its many benefits. The monosaccharides, fructose, glucose and amino acid in honey make it a powerful moisturiser.
    Horstail Horsetail (Equisetum Arvense) – Packed with silica, this herb encourages connective tissue to grow, strengthen and remain elastic, which in turn can give you firmer and tighter skin. As a powerful astringent and anti-inflammatory agent horsetail can treat wounds and burns while reducing the effects of eczema and acne. The horsetail plant is the only surviving member of the class Equisetopsida, making it a living fossil.
    Jojoba Jojoba (Simmondsia Chinesis) – This natural emollient is rich in nutrients such as vitamin E and B, silicon, chromium, copper and zinc. As a natural source of iodine jojoba oil is an effective anti-fungal and antibacterial treatment, while its gentle moisturizing properties make it a great friend of your skin. The jojoba plant is native to North America, specifically northern Mexico and the southwest US.
    Lavender2 Lavender (Lavandula Officinalis) – Used since ancient times, lavender has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties and is often used to treat acne and dermatitis. Lavender softens skin while soothing muscles, leaving you feeling refreshed. The Egyptians, Phoenicians and Arabians used lavender for perfume, bathing and cooking. 
    Lemon Lemon (Citrus Limonum) – Containing citric acid and B vitamins, lemon oil is effective at moisturizing, toning and purifying the skin. Lemon oil can reduce the appearance of age spots, fine lines and wrinkles. Lemons are believed to have originated from India, north Burma and China. Lemons contain vitamin C, citric acid, B vitamins, carbohydrates and a small quantity of protein. The citric acid in lemon juice can help to peel away the surface layer of your skin and provide a mattifying effect. Lemon extract helps to tone the skin and remove dead cells, leaving behind the fresh, youthful skin beneath.
    Locust Bean Locust Bean (Ceratonia Siliqua) – Rightly prized for its thickening properties, the locust bean is made by milling the seeds of the carob tree. It has moisturizing, regenerating and smoothing properties. The locust bean is native to the Mediterranean, and the fruit pulp and seed extracts make a nutritious addition to soups and condiments across west Africa. Licorice extract helps fade brown marks, freckles and skin discoloration (hyperpigmentation) while evening out skin tone.
    Milk2 Milk (Lactic Acid) – A natural exfoliating agent due to the lactic acid present. Milk’s natural exfoliating action is often utilized to treat age spots, minimize fine lines and energies the skin. Milk is also helpful for keeping your skin moisturized.  Cleopatra took milk baths to maintain her legendary beauty, while dermatologists rely on lactic acid to fight the ageing process.
     Mint  Mint (Mentha) – Tackles dry skin, acne and inflammation. Mint has hundreds of uses – from medical applications to skin care and dental treatments. Mint makes an excellent moisturizer and can be helpful at restoring the moisture which is stripped away by acne treatments, leaving your skin bright and hydrated. The ancient Egyptians and Romans valued the unmistakable aroma of mint, while people in the Middle Ages used mint as a cleanser.
    Olive oil Olive Oil (Olea Europaea) – Rich in four major antioxidants, olive oil is a highly effective moisturizer, cleanser and skin protector. Olive oil is equally effective for treating dry skin as it is for treating oily skin. Olive oil can also soothe skin and improve skin elasticity while reducing fine lines, wrinkles and dark spots. Olive oil was used by many ancient peoples – including the Phoenicians and the Romans who used it to treat wounds, moisturize skin and reduce the signs of ageing.
     Orange  Orange (Citrus sinensis) – Packed with vitamin C, collagen and citric acid, orange extracts offer many benefits to your skin. Orange extracts can reduce dark spots and sun damage while promoting moisture retention and fighting skin infections. The citric acid in oranges acts as a bleaching agent which can lighten the skin and reduce darkening caused by sun exposure. Orange peel is an effective cleanser because it purifies the pores, removing excess oil, dirt and dead skin cells and reducing the frequency of acne outbreaks. Oranges are native to southeast Asia, with varieties believed to have been cultivated for nearly 7000 years. The refreshing and invigorating aroma of oranges is due to the essential oils, which are popular in the worlds of phytotherapy, perfume and cosmetics.
     Palm Oil New  Palm Oil (Elaeis guineensis) – A rich natural source of glycerin, a humectant which holds water to your skin. This quality makes palm oil an effective moisturizer, while forming a barrier to help retain your skin’s moisture. Glycerin also has a hydroscopic action, drawing water to your skin from the air. Glycerin helps to improve your skin’s natural elasticity and suppleness while also defending against dry skin conditions.  People have been using for palm oil for countless generations. Archeologists excavating an Egyptian tomb believe they discovered palm oil residue, which suggests the substance was in use in 3,000 BCE.
    Passion Fruit Passion fruit (Passiflora Edulis) – Packed with skin-friendly nutrients, the oil of passion fruit can feed your skin and keep it looking smooth and clear. The oil contains a wealth of vitamins and minerals, including magnesium, phosphorous, calcium and vitamins A and C. Fatty acids in the oil, including oleic and linoleic acids help to maintain your skin’s natural structure, while making a perfect moisturizer for all types of skin. Passion fruit extracts help to fight the signs of ageing by preserving your vital collagen and elastin supplies to keep your skin looking fresh and youthful. Passion fruit is a type of vine which is native to South America. In South Africa it is known as purple granadilla.
    Pea Pea (Pisum Sativum) – The botanical extracts from the seeds of Pisum Sativum contain enzymes which protect your skin’s natural collagen and elastin levels, which in turns helps your skin to remain firm and elastic. Pea extract strengthens the activity rate of protease inhibitors and helps repair epidermal problems. It also delivers an anti-aging effect for slackened, atonic skin.
    Pineapple Pineapple (Ananas Sativus) – The active ingredients of pineapple include sugars and alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA) as well as a number of enzymes. These elements offer a number of skin benefits, including moisturizing, anti-ageing and purifying. The alpha-hydroxy acids provide an exfoliating effect and help to remove old skin.
    Rosemary Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis) – The essential oil from this popular herb helps to firm and tone your skin. Rosemary offers a detoxifying effect while also increasing blood flow and general skin health. Rosemary oil has disinfectant, cleansing and anti-ageing properties and can be used to treat conditions including dermatitis, acne and eczema. Rosemary is a perennial herb native to the Mediterranean region.
    Rumex occidentalis Rumex occidentalis (Rumex occidentalis) – This botanical extract, native to North America, is effective at reducing unwanted skin coloration, such as sun spots, age spots and freckles. Rumex occidentalis restricts the production of melanin, (the cause of our skin pigmentation), and blocks melanin synthesis. Tyrostat is a skin tone lightener derived from rumex occidentalis and is clinically proven to reduce skin pigmentation by limiting both melanin production and redness.
     Shea Butter  Shea (Vitellaria Paradoxa)– This natural fat is derived from the nuts of the Karite tree, and has been treasured as a beauty treatment since antiquity. Shea butter is a great natural moisturizer thanks to its oleic acid and phytochemicals. Shea butter also contains vitamins A,E and F, which help to balance, soothe and hydrate your skin. This age-old treatment can help to diminish stretch marks while reducing other blemishes and marks. Shea butter can rejuvenate dry skin and replenish damaged hair, while also reducing the appearance of wrinkles and stretch marks.
     Soy Bean  Soy Bean (Glycine Max) – with natural anti-oxidant and conditioning qualities, soy beans can protect your skin from free radicals while helping your skin to remain moisturized and youthful. Soy beans may also provide a degree of protection from the sun and from environmental pollution. Used in traditional Chinese medicine for countless generations, soy beans contain the isoflavone aglycones, which can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles while boosting the firmness of your skin. It does this by promoting collagen production repairing elastin fibers.
    Tea Tree Oil Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alterifolia) – this potent antimicrobial oil is often used to treat acne, burns, inflammation and fungal infections. Tea tree oil can open clogged pores and kill bacteria, while its antioxidant effect reduces free radicals while encouraging the production of collagen. Tea tree oil can also reduce allergic skin reactions. Native to eastern Australia, tea tree leaves were crushed so the oil could be inhaled as a treatment for colds and coughs. Soaked leaves were also used to make an infusion, while a poultice was laid on top of crushed leaves sprinkled over wounds.
    Wall nut Walnut (Juglan) – After being finely ground, the shells of walnuts make a superb natural exfoliator. The shell particles gently slough away dead skin cells to reveal the glowing skin beneath. Walnut shell also encourages blood to circulate to the skin, which can heal damaged or irritated skin. Walnuts are native to the mountain ranges of central Asia and southern Europe. They are believed to have been treasured as a symbol of intelligence because of their brain-shaped kernel.
    Waltheria Final 2 Waltheria (Waltheria Indica) – A species of the mallow family, extracts of this plant are used to lighten the skin and inhibit melanin production. Waltheria Indica has natural emollient, tonic and astringent properties. Waltheria indica reduces melanin pigmentation by inhibition of tyrosinase. Waltheria indica is native to Hawaii.
     Wheat  Wheat (Triticum Sativum) – The ubiquitous cereal grain also offers a number of health benefits for your skin. Tritisol, which is derived from wheat protein is a superlative emollient which also gives strength and volume to your hair. Tritisol can also help your skin to feel tighter and more youthful-looking, while reducing the appearance of wrinkles. Wheat has long been cultivated as a source of food. And while it probably originates from the Levant region of Ethiopia, loaves were kneaded and backed in Egypt more than 5,000 years ago.
     Yarrow Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium) – Rich in antioxidants and prized for its antimicrobial and healing qualities. Yarrow contains flavonoids, tannins, asparagin, sterols, isovaleric acid and salicyclic acid among other elements. Its natural fatty acids can boost cell membrane production, integrity and performance. In addition to treating acne and oily skin, Yarrow is beneficial for people with irritated and dry skin. Native to the northern hemisphere, yarrow has a storied history as a medicinal herb to treat a variety of skin conditions.
  • Active Ingredients and their actions:

    Vitamin A,C,E & Pro-Vitamin B5    Pro-Vitamin B5 (Panthenol)

    This powerful vitamin is an effective moisturizer, an anti-ageing treatment and a useful treatment for a variety of skin disorders. Pro Vitamin B5 also promotes epithelization, which encourages the skin to regenerate. Pro vitamin B5 supports your skin’s role as a barrier, reducing the amount of water lost through your skin. Because pro vitamin B5 binds to hair shafts it can help improve the appearance and condition of your hair, while also reducing the itchy scalp caused by dandruff.

    Vitamin A,C,E & Pro-Vitamin B5    Vitamin A

    Exfoliates your skin while repairing the cell structure and stimulating the dermis. Vitamin A can encourage deposits of collagen and increase blood flow to your skin, which in turn can reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. A powerful anti-aging agent, vitamin A stimulates the dermis, increasing the production of collagen and preventing the breakdown of existing collagen. By supporting collagen vitamin A can prevent the appearance of fine lines. Vitamin A also supports UV protection by reducing the clustering of melanin granules.

    Vitamin A,C,E & Pro-Vitamin B5    Vitamin C

    Antioxidant rich, vitamin C can boost your collagen levels which typically become depleted with age. Vitamin C can reduce free radicals to help your skin remain healthy and full of vitality. Vitamin C is effective at minimizing dark spots, in part because it slows the production of tyrosinase, an enzyme which causes pigmentation. Used in skin treatments vitamin C can reduce wrinkles while also cleansing, exfoliating and softening your skin.

    Vitamin A,C,E & Pro-Vitamin B5    Vitamin E

    This powerful antioxidant can protect your skin against sun damage, reverse some skin discoloration and reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Vitamin E can mop-up free radicals, stimulate blood circulation and regulate your skin’s elasticity. Vitamin E is also a highly effective moisturizer which can help to regulate your skin’s oil levels, as well as being helpful at minimizing scars and stretch marks.

    Sunscreen    Sun Screen

    While our skin needs sunlight to produce vitamin D, too much exposure to sunshine can damage our skin, leading to excessive pigmentation and sun damage, so it’s useful to have sun screen agents in your skin care products so that you are always protected. We use a special blend of natural, non-chemical, sunscreens which rely on titanium dioxide and zinc oxide to effectively reflect light away from your skin. The sun screen agent sits on top of your skin to form a barrier which blocks both ultraviolet-B and long-wave ultraviolet-A rays.

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